FLEKSIBILlTAS MUSIKAL SULUKAN GAYA SURAKARTA

Suyoto Suyoto

Abstract


Wayang kulit is representation of human life since the birth 
until the death which is presented in patMt (musical concept or 
musical atmosphere). Sulukan is an important medium and it is the 
"soul" of the performance. Sulukan is divided into three: patMtan 
(songs of the puppeteer accompanied by small gamelan ensemble), 
senanon (the same genre as sulukan with specific musical effect), and 
ada-ada (songs of the pupetteerto present tense atmospheres). Texts 
used in sulukan are tembang gedhe (songs with long phrases), 
tembang tengahan (songs with medium phrases), and tembang 
macapat (songs with short phrases), those are different from other 
songs. For that reason, the structure of sulukan is like that of 
tembang in which rules are used. In sulukan there is kombangan 
(songs with "vocal" expression rather than consonant) usually with the 
word (long. The kombangan becomes the special character of the 
wayang kulit. Musically speaking, the kombangan is the "intermission" 
between phrases. The texts relate to the social life and they are 
contained in the texts of the sulukan; the contents of the sulukan are: 
education of life, ethics, and mysticism in Javanese life.

Keywords: Sulukan, fleksible musical, wayang kulit.


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